The mineralogical laboratory was founded in 1938. Ee pervyy rukovoditel akademik A. S. Uklonskiy (1938—1972) created a large school of mineralogists, who made a large contribution to the study of mineralogy and geochemistry of Uzbekistan and neighboring regions. Pozje laboratory M.I. Baskakov, M.I. Ismoilov, E.A. Dunina-Barkovskaya under the leadership of M.S. Karabaeva. In nastoyashchee vremya laboratiyu vozglavlyaet Dr. filosofskix nauk (PhD) in the field of geology and mineralogy E.M. Amirov. The laboratory employs 7 staff members, including 1 doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, professor and 1 doctor of philosophy in geological-mineralogical sciences (PhD).
The founder of laboratorii A. S. Uklonskiy izuchal paragenesis ximicheskix elementov, prirodnыe isomorphic ryady elements, ix dvijenie v zemnoy kore, mineralax i gornyx porodax; razrabotal teorii o znachenii isotopov v geoximii prirodnyx vod. Ego teoriya parageneticheskoy svyazi mejdu mestorojdeniyami promыshlennoy sery i bituma privela k predskazaniyu mestorojdeniy uglevodorodov v rayone Gazi, chto vposledstvii privelo k otkrыtiyu krupnogo gazovogo mestorojdeniya.
Laboratory provodila planovыe issledovaniya mnogix mestorozhdeniy poleznyx iskopaemyx, mestorozhdeniy poleznyx iskopaemyx, bolshix ploshchadey i mestorozhdeniy opredelennyx geneticheskix tipov. In chastnosti, svintsovo-tsinkovye (M.I. Moiseeva), medno-porfirovye (S.T. Badalov, I.M. Golovanov), zolotye (M.I. Moiseeva, G.M. Chebotarev, S.K. Smirnova , M.S. Karabaev, E.M. Amirov i dr.), Bismuth and flyuorite (E.A. Dunin- Barkovskaya), tungsten ore (M.I.Ismoilov, O.A.Bobojonov, M.S.Karabaev , E.M.Amirov). Izuchen process epigeneticheskogo mineraloobrazovaniya i obrazovaniya mestorozhdeniy poleznyx iskopaemyx v ego osadochnyx porodax (M. P. Baskakov, S. K. Smirnova).
Izucheny etapy protsessa mineraloobrazovaniya, zakonomernosti raspolojeniya mineralov, tipomorphizm, parageneticheskie assotsiatsii i drugie voprosy. Eti issledovaniya legli v osnovu razrabotki metodov mineralogicheskogo prognoza, razvedki i otsenki rudnyx mestorozhdeniy i vnesli znachitelnyy vklad v reshenie teoreticheskix problem rudoobrazovaniya.
The study of the paragenesis of minerals in the media has led to the classification of Central Asian promiscuous copper-porphyry sites and the development of schemes of zoning of the Middle Tyan-Shan region (I. M. Golovanov). Sozdana novaya schema posledovatelnosti mineraloobrazovaniya na Chodakskom rudnom pole i na ee osnove prognozirovany novye zapotы zolotosoderjashchix rud (Smirnova S.K., Mansurov MM). The scheme of zoning of bismuth and bismuth ore in Central Asia is developed and the coefficients of bismuth are developed (E. A. Dunin-Barkovskaya).
Odnoy iz teoreticheskix osnov geneticheskoy mineralogii yavlyayutsya obshirnыe issledovaniya tipomorfizma mineralov (M. I. Moiseeva, M. I. Ismoilov, O. A. Bobojonov, S. K. Smirnova, M. S. Karabaev, E. M. Amirov i dr. ). Issledovaniya mineralov na razlichnyx urovnyax, ot ix mikroskopicheskix svoystv do izmeneniya ix kristallicheskoy reshetki, vyyavili slozhnыe tipomorfnыe svoystva mineralalov. They brought to the creation of mineralogical factors for the search and prognosis of gold, tungsten, copper, polymetals and other ores.
M. I. Moiseeva confirmed that the Korgoshinkon mine (Almalykskoe rudnoe pole) has promыshlennoe znachenie po polimetallicheskim rudam, and for this prediction she was awarded the title of “Pervootkryvatel mestorozhdeniy”. For the positive results of the development of complex mineralogical coefficients for the forecast of tungsten ore and the application of geological exploration in the Koytash field laboratory M.I. Ismailov and O.A. Bobodjonov udostoeny Gosudarstvennoy premii Respubliki Uzbekistan imeni Abu Rayxona Beruni.
On the basis of crystallomorphological features of pirita and gold, the method of determining the degree of development of ore vessels, which is used for the forecasting of closed ore in gold ore deposits (S. K. Smirnova). Laborant G. M. Chebotarev polojil nachalo novomu napravleniyu – mikromineralogii – izucheniyu stroeniya i sostava zolota i poputnyx rudnikov metodom mikrozondovogo analiza.
Mineralogicheskie issledovaniya priveli k vyyavleniyu novyx tipov rud i ix netraditsionnyx tipov i razrabotke rekomendatsiy po kompleksnomu izvlecheniyu razlichnyx elementsov iz rud Almalykskogo i Muruntauskogo mestorozhdeniy. Found 3 new minerals – telluride berunite, joseite and bismuth and 4 new minerals – vanadium tourmaline, vanadium garnet, zinc serpophyte and zinc biryuza. Significant contribution to the development of the classification of minerals and typomorphological studies was made 6-volume fundamental monograph “Minerals of Uzbekistan” (1975-1989). Ego redaktor i sostavitel – M. I. Moiseeva.
Currently, work is underway on fundamental issues aimed at creating a mineralogical model for the formation of large deposits of gold and tungsten and a set of factors for prospecting and forecasting. The topics of practical and economic agreements are aimed at expanding the mineral resource base of the republic. Published 20 monographs and more than a hundred articles. 6 Doctors of Science and more than 20 Candidates of Science have been trained.
In the course of research conducted by the laboratory staff over the past 5 years, the following important scientific and practical results have been achieved:
The Central Kyzylkum endogenous mineralization is a multifactorial process characterized by the interaction of deposits developed in various geological positions with metasomatic formations, complexes of productive mineral associations, mineral composition and geochemical properties associated with. The formation of gold mining in the area has a multi-stage character, in which, in connection with the development of one or another geochemical type of mining, specific productive mineral associations have been identified; Mineral associations of different types of development differ in complexity and composition. Mineral associations of the Saritovsky and Sautboysky gold-rare-metal deposits and the Muruntau deposit, as well as objects of gold and silver of the Auminzatovsky and Bukantovsky deposits and the Daugiztovsky deposit, have been identified.
The study of micromineral complexes in various ores of the Central Kyzylkum revealed an organic relationship between the minerals of gold and bismuth during gold mining. Pure, sulfide and tellurides of bismuth are typical for the products of the early stages of postmagmatic mineralization, and at later stages – its various sulfosols; They contain pure gold and are characterized by quartz-gold geological and industrial ores. In gold-silver ores, selenides, sulfonamides, silver and gold tellurides from microminerals were identified as typomorphic markers; In these ores, the bulk of the gold was dispersed with sulfides and formed the gold-sulfide geological industry.
- Amirov Elmurod Mansuriddin oglu – head of the laboratory, Ph.D. (PhD)
- Karabaev Mamatkhan Sadyrovich – Chief Researcher, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor
- Moiliev Marufjon Shodmonovich – junior research fellow
- Orolov Azizbek Kaymzhonovich – junior researcher